China`s claim is based on the 9-dash line, which covers a total area of nearly 90 percent of the South China Sea. In a speech by Senior Associate Judge Antonio T. Carpio titled “The Rules of Law in the Western Philippines Maritime Dispute,” he explained that China`s 9-dash claim encroaches on 80 percent of the Philippines` 200-nm exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and 100 percent of its 150-nm extended continental shelf (SEC) overlooking the South China Sea — what the Philippines calls the Philippine Sea. Western. China`s claim on 9 lines has similar implications for the EEZ and SEC of Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia, which face the South China Sea. A writ of Kalikasan was issued with a Temporary Environmental Protection Order (TEPO) issued by the Supreme Court in the case “West Tower Condominium Corporation, on behalf of the residents of West Tower Condo., and on behalf of Barangay Bangkal, and others, including minors and generations who are still to be born, v. First Philippine Industrial Corporation, First Gen Corporation and their respective boards of directors and officers, John Does and Richard Does,” G.R. No. 194239, May 31, 2011. The case of Abrigo v. Swift, G.R.
No. 206510, September 16, 2014, was filed when the USS Guardian ran aground on the northwest side of the southern shoal of the Tubbataha Reefs. The Tubataha Reefs are declared a World Heritage Site by law (Republic Act No. 10067, approved on 6 April 2010) and by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). A petition from the Kalikasan Ordinance with Prayer for the Temporary Environmental Protection Order (TEPO) under Rule 7 of A.M. No. 09-6-8-SC, also known as the Rules of Procedure for Environmental Affairs (Rules), has been filed for violation of environmental laws and regulations. In that case, however, account was taken of the fact that it was an international responsibility. The USS Guardian was allowed to enter Philippine waters under the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) and “should be considered an act jure imperii as a contractual privilege.” The application was dismissed.
The court said: “The Court leaves it to the executive to take compensation and rehabilitation measures through diplomatic channels. Solving these problems affects our relations with another state within the framework of common security interests within the framework of the VFA. It states that “the management of our government`s external relations through the Constitution is accountable to the executive and legislative – `political` – departments of the government, and the correctness of what can be done in the exercise of this political power is not the subject of an investigation or a judicial decision.” In early 2015, the Supreme Court announced what can be considered a landmark decision. The case of Risos-Vidal v. Election Commission and Joseph E. Estrada, G.R. No. 206666, January 21, 2015, written by Associate Judge Teresita L De Castro, dismissed the disqualification case against the former president and now the elected mayor of Manila. The former president was found guilty of looting by Sandiganbayan. President Arroyo granted the agreement to former President Estrada on September 25. October 2007 Pardon or pardon on the grounds that the government`s policy is to pardon convicts aged 70 and over and that Estrada has been in the Arrest Chamber for 6 years. The main point of contention in this disqualification case concerned this pardon granted by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
The Supreme Court in Bench voted by 11 votes to 3 with one abstention. The majority of the judges described the pardon as absolute, which restored Estrada`s qualification to stand as a candidate in the last municipal elections. The decision confirmed Estrada`s claim that President Arroyo`s pardon “restored all his civil and political rights, including the right to run for public office.” The ASEAN Charter entered into force on 15 December 2008. This is the basis for the realization of the ASEAN community by providing the legal status and institutional framework of ASEAN. It also codifies ASEAN norms, rules and values and sets clear objectives for ASEAN; and represents accountability and compliance. For detailed comments on the Charter, see the following book: The Academic Requirements for Admission to Bar Examinations are contained in the Rules of the Court, Rule 138, Section 5 and Section 6. This is only the case of Chief Justice Renato C. Corona, where the entire impeachment process has been completed. The impeachment proceedings were filed in the Senate in December 2011 after being verified by 188 members of the House of Representatives. Chief Justice Corona was convicted on May 29, 2012, or after 43 days of proceedings under Article II of the Articles of Impeachment.